The criteria for mental illness is vague, subjective and open to misinterpretation criteria. In Western academiathe supernatural tradition has been largely replaced by the biological and psychological traditions.
In a rugby team who survived a plane crash in the snow-capped Andes of South America found themselves without food and in sub-freezing temperatures for 72 days. The medical profession uses various labels eg.
Many professionals for example were concerned that patients would find permanent refuge in mental hospitals which would take them up when the demands of everyday life were too difficult. It also leads to individual and group conflicts. Every person differs from the "norms" of behavior in many ways, sometimes in small aspects of style or taste, other times in bigger rebellions or eccentricities.
This perspective emphasizes understanding the underlying cause of disorders, which might include genetic inheritance, related physical disorders, infections and chemical imbalances. How a person, perceives, anticipates and evaluates events rather than the events themselves, which will have an impact on behavior.
It is practically impossible for any individual to achieve all of the ideal characteristics all of the time. They conform and adjust to their social surrounding. According to Freud this would create neurosis, which could be expressed in the symptoms of anxiety disorders, such as phobias and obsessions.
However, many of the patients received helpful medical treatment. If id impulses are unchecked they may be expressed in self-destructive and immoral behavior. Galen extended these ideas and developed a strong and influential school of thought within the biological tradition that extended well into the 18th century.
For example, one hundred years ago, pregnancy outside of marriage was considered a sign of mental illness and some women were institutionalised, whereas now this is not the case Age and Gender Different people can behave in the same way and for some will be normal and others abnormal, depending on age and gender and sometimes other factors.
Therapy sessions play a useful role in controlling abnormal behaviors. The biological paradigm includes the theories that focus more on physical factors, such as genetics and neurochemistry.
These are examples of the kinds of abnormal behavior we will study. These people who adjust well with themselves, their surroundings and their associates constitute the normal group.
This requires us to decide on the characteristics we consider necessary to mental health. At the same time, labeling the conduct as normal or abnormal is desirable since it spurs employees to observe organizational standards. The psychiatric community tends to use the term "mental disorders" in referring to cases of abnormal psychology, though they too recognize the language problems involved.
Diagnosis raises issues of medical and ethical integrity because of financial and professional links with pharmaceutical companies and insurance companies.
Historical Context Time must also be taken into account, as what is considered abnormal at one time in one culture may be normal another time, even in the same culture.
Hence, a description of abnormal psychology has been presented.Start studying Abnormal psychology. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. A refers to an intensive study of a single person described in detail. Case study. Recurrent patterns of abnormal behavior that are limited to specific societies or cultural areas are defined as.
Culture. Difference between Normal and Abnormal Behaviour are as follows: Normal: The common pattern of behaviour found among the general majority is said to be the behaviour of the normal. Normal people exhibit satisfactory work capacity and earn adequate income.
They conform and adjust to their social surrounding. They are capable of establishing, satisfying and acceptable [ ]. Abnormal psychology is the study of abnormal thoughts, feelings and behaviors.
Abnormal thoughts, feelings and behaviors may or may not be part of a larger mental illness, or psychopathology. Abnormal thoughts, feelings and behaviors may or may not be part of a larger mental illness, or psychopathology. Abnormal behavior relates to the influence of psychological factors, biological factors as well as the social factors referring to inadequate relationships.
These are examples of the kinds of abnormal behavior we will study. The psychiatric community tends to use the term "mental disorders" in referring to cases of abnormal psychology, though they too recognize the language problems involved. DISCUSSION QUESTIONS (Abnormal Psychology, Chs ) 1.
Identify and discuss six criteria that are used to define abnormal behavior. 2. Describe the major contributions to the study and treatment of abnormal behavior of three.Download